Table 3.

Heart Failure Therapies Routinely Used in Children

Chronic Heart Failure Medication
Loop diuretics
 Bumetanide (oral, IV)
 Furosemide (oral, IV)
Thiazide diuretics
 Chlorothiazide (oral, IV)
 Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ; oral)
 Metolazone (oral)
ACE inhibitors
 Captopril (oral)
 Enalapril (oral)
ARBs
 Candesartan (oral)
 Losartan (oral)
 Valsartan (oral)
Aldosterone antagonists
 Spironolactone (oral)
 Eplerenone (oral)
β blockers
 Carvedilol (oral)
 Metoprolol (oral)
Digoxin (oral, IV)
  • ACE indicates angiotensin-converting enzyme; ARBs, angiotensin II receptor blockers; and IV, intravenous.