|Operation||Complete Heart Block|
|Double switch operation||15.6%|
|Tricuspid valve replacement||7.8%|
|Mitral valve replacement||7.4%|
|Atrial switch with VSD||6.5%|
|Ebstein repair (<30 d)||4.2%|
|Arterial switch with VSD||3.4%|
|Aortic valve replacement||2.9%|
|Subaortic stenosis resection||2.8%|
|Complete AV canal repair||2.2%|
|Coarctation with VSD||1.7%|
AV indicates aortic valve; and VSD, ventricular septal defect.
Adapted from Liberman et al57 with permission of the publisher. Authorization for this adaptation has been obtained both from the owner of the copyright in the original work and from the owner of copyright in the translation or adaptation. Copyright ©2016, The American Association for Thoracic Surgery.