Tissue-Specific Cell Cycle Indicator Reveals Unexpected Findings for Cardiac Myocyte Proliferation
Rationale: Discerning cardiac myocyte cell cycle behavior is challenging owing to comingled cell types with higher proliferative activity.
Objective:To investigate cardiac myocyte cell cycle activity in development and the early postnatal period.
Methods and Results: To facilitate studies of cell type specific proliferation, we have generated tissue specific cell cycle indicator BAC transgenic mouse lines. Experiments utilizing embryonic fibroblasts from CyclinA2-LacZ-floxed-EGFP, or CyclinA2-EGFP mice, demonstrated that CyclinA2-βgal and CyclinA2-EGFP were expressed from mid G1 to mid M phase. Utilizing TnT-Cre;CyclinA2-LacZ-EGFP mice, we examined cardiac myocyte cell cycle activity during embryogenesis and in the early postnatal period. Our data demonstrated that right ventricular cardiac myocytes exhibited reduced cell cycle activity relative to left ventricular cardiac myocytes in the immediate perinatal period. Additionally, in contrast to a recent report, we could find no evidence to support a burst of cardiac myocyte cell cycle activity at postnatal day15.
Conclusions: Our data highlight advantages of a cardiac myocyte specific cell cycle reporter for studies of cardiac myocyte cell cycle regulation.
- Received September 25, 2015.
- Revision received October 14, 2015.
- Accepted October 15, 2015.