MicroRNA-103/107 Regulate Programmed Necrosis and Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury Through Targeting FADD
Rationale: Necrosis is one of the main forms of cardiomyocyte death in heart disease. Recent studies have demonstrated that certain types of necrosis are regulated and programmed dependent on the activation of receptor-interacting serine/threonine-protein kinase (RIPK) 1 and 3 which may be negatively regulated by Fas-associated protein with death domain (FADD). In addition, microRNAs (miRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to play important roles in various biological processes recently.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that miRNA-103/107 and H19 can participate in the regulation of RIPK1 and RIPK3 dependent necrosis in fetal cardiomyocyte-derived H9c2 cells and myocardial infarction (MI) through targeting FADD.
Methods and Results: Our results show that FADD participates in H2O2-induced necrosis by influencing the formation of RIPK1 and RIPK3 complexes in H9c2 cells. We further demonstrate that miR-103/107 targets FADD directly. Knockdown of miR-103/107 antagonize necrosis in the cellular model and also MI in a mouse ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) model. The miR-103/107-FADD pathway does not participate in TNF-α induced necrosis. In exploring the molecular mechanism by which miR-103/107 are regulated, we show that lncRNA H19 directly binds to miR-103/107 and regulates FADD expression and necrosis.
Conclusions: Our results reveal a novel myocardial necrosis regulaton model, which is composed of H19, miR-103/107 and FADD. Modulation of their levels may provide a new approach for preventing myocardial necrosis.
- Received December 5, 2014.
- Revision received May 13, 2015.
- Accepted June 2, 2015.