Circulating Cells Contribute to Cardiomyocyte Regeneration After Injury
Rationale: The contribution of bone marrow-borne hematopoietic cells to the ischemic myocardium has been documented. However, a pivotal study reported no evidence of myocardial regeneration from hematopoietic-derived cells. The study did not take into account the possible effect of early injury-induced signaling as the test mice were parabiotically paired to partners immediately after surgery-induced myocardial injury when cross circulation has not yet developed.
Objective: To re-evaluate the role of circulating cells in the injured myocardium.
Methods and Results: By combining pulse-chase labeling and parabiosis model, we show that circulating cells derived from the parabiont expressed cardiac-specific markers in the injured myocardium. Genetic fate-mapping also revealed that circulating hematopoietic cells acquired cardiac cell fate by means of cell fusion and transdifferentiation.
Conclusions: These results suggest that circulating cells participate in cardiomyocyte regeneration in a mouse model of parabiosis when the circulatory system is fully developed before surgery-induced heart injury.
- Received October 20, 2014.
- Revision received November 11, 2014.
- Accepted November 14, 2014.