Bone Marrow Characteristics Associated with Changes in Infarct Size after STEMI: A Biorepository Evaluation from the CCTRN TIME Trial
Rationale: Despite significant interest in bone marrow mononuclear cell (BMC) therapy for ischemic heart disease, current techniques have resulted in only modest benefits. However, select patients have shown improvements after autologous BMC therapy, but the contributing factors are unclear.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify BMC characteristics associated with a reduction in infarct size following STEMI.
Methods and Results: This prospective study comprised patients consecutively enrolled in the CCTRN TIME trial who agreed to have their BMCs stored and analyzed at the CCTRN Biorepository. Change in infarct size between baseline (3 days after percutaneous coronary intervention) and 6-month follow-up was measured by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI). Infarct-size measurements and BMC phenotype and function data were obtained for 101 patients (mean age, 56.5 years; mean screening ejection fraction, 37%; mean baseline cMRI ejection fraction, 45%). At 6 months, 75 patients (74.3%) showed a reduction in infarct size (mean change, -21.0%±17.6%). Multiple regression analysis indicated that infarct size reduction was greater in patients who had a larger percentage of CD31+ BMCs (P=0.046) and in those with faster BMC growth rates in CFU-Hill and ECFC functional assays (P=0.033 and P=0.032, respectively).
Conclusions: This study identified BMC characteristics associated with a better clinical outcome in patients with STEMI and highlighted the importance of endothelial precursor activity in regenerating infarcted myocardium. Furthermore, it suggests that for these STEMI patients, myocardial repair was more dependent on baseline BMC characteristics than on whether the patient underwent intracoronary BMC transplantation.
- Cardiac Regeneration
- Cellular Therapy Experimental
- acute myocardial infarction
- coronary circulation
- Received June 30, 2014.
- Revision received October 6, 2014.
- Accepted October 10, 2014.