A Detailed Analysis of Bone Marrow from Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Left Ventricular Dysfunction: BM CD34, CD11b and Clonogenic Capacity as Biomarkers for Clinical Outcomes
Rationale: Bone marrow (BM) cell therapy for ischemic heart disease (IHD) has shown mixed results. Before the full potency of BM cell therapy can be realized, it is essential to understand the BM niche following acute myocardial infarction (AMI).
Objective: To study the BM composition in patients with IHD and severe left ventricular dysfunction (LVD).
Methods and Results: BM from 280 patients with IHD and LVD were analyzed for cell subsets by flow cytometry and colony assays. BM CD34+ cell percentage was decreased 7 days after AMI (mean of 1.9% vs. 2.3-2.7% in other cohorts; p < 0.05). BM-derived endothelial colonies were significantly decreased (p < 0.05). Increased BM CD11b+ cells associated with worse left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) after AMI (p < 0.05). While increased BM CD34+ percentage associated with greater improvement in LVEF (+9.9% vs. +2.3%, p=0.03, for AMI patients; and +6.6% vs. -0.02%, p=0.021 for chronic IHD patients), decreased BM CD34+ percentage in chronic IHD patients correlated with decrement in LVEF after cell therapy (-2.9% vs. +0.7%, p=0.0355).
Conclusions: In this study we show a heterogeneous mixture of BM cell subsets, decreased endothelial colony capacity, a CD34+ cell nadir seven days after AMI, a negative correlation between CD11b percentage and post-infarct LVEF, and positive correlation of CD34 percentage with change in LVEF after cell therapy. These results serve as a possible basis for the small clinical improvement seen in autologous BM cell therapy trials and support selection of potent cell subsets and/or reversal of co-morbid BM impairment.
- Received May 19, 2014.
- Revision received August 15, 2014.
- Accepted August 18, 2014.