Jmjd3 Controls Mesodermal and Cardiovascular Differentiation of Embryonic Stem Cells
Rationale: The developmental role of the H3K27 demethylases Jmjd3, especially its epigenetic regulation at target genes in response to upstream developmental signaling is unclear.
Objective: To determine the role of Jmjd3 during mesoderm and cardiovascular lineage commitment.
Methods and Results: Ablation of Jmjd3 in mouse embryonic stem cells does not affect the maintenance of pluripotency and self-renewal, but compromised mesoderm and subsequent endothelial and cardiac differentiation. Jmjd3 reduces H3K27me3 marks at the Brachyury promoter and facilitates the recruitment ofβ-catenin, which is critical for Wnt signal-induced mesoderm differentiation.
Conclusions: These data demonstrate that Jmjd3 is required for mesoderm differentiation and cardiovascular lineage commitment.
- Received June 18, 2013.
- Revision received July 12, 2013.
- Accepted July 15, 2013.