Expanded Granulocyte/Monocyte Compartment in Myeloid-Specific Triple Foxo Knockout Increases Oxidative Stress and Accelerates Atherosclerosis in Mice
Rationale: Increased neutrophil and monocyte counts are often associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis, but their relationship to insulin sensitivity is unknown.
Objective: To investigate the contribution of forkhead transcription factors (FoxO) in myeloid cells to neutrophil and monocyte counts, atherosclerosis, and systemic insulin sensitivity.
Methods and Results: Genetic ablation of the three genes encoding FoxO isoforms 1, 3a, and 4, in myeloid cells resulted in an expansion of the granulocyte/monocyte progenitor compartment, and was associated with increased atherosclerotic lesion formation in Ldl receptor knockout mice. In vivo and ex vivo studies indicate that FoxO ablation in myeloid cells increased generation of reactive oxygen species. Accordingly, treatment with the antioxidant N-acetyl-L-cysteine reversed the phenotype, normalizing atherosclerosis.
Conclusions: Our data indicate that myeloid cell proliferation and oxidative stress can be modulated via the FoxO branch of insulin receptor signaling, highlighting a heretofore-unknown link between insulin sensitivity and leukocytosis that can affect the predisposition to atherosclerosis.
- oxidative stress
- antioxidant enzymes
- insulin action, insulin resistance
- stem cell
- Received December 13, 2012.
- Revision received February 15, 2013.
- Accepted February 18, 2013.
- Copyright © 2013, Circulation Research