Isolated Rabbit Working Heart Function During Progressive Inhibition of Myocardial SERCA Activity
Rationale The extent to which sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ATPase (SERCA) activity alone determines left ventricular (LV) pump function is unknown.
Objective To correlate SERCA activity with hemodynamic function of rabbit LV during thapsigargin perfusion.
Methods and Results Isolated rabbit hearts were perfused in working heart configuration, and LV pump function was assessed using a pressure-volume catheter. Rapid and complete (>95%) inhibition of SERCA was associated with a moderate decrease in cardiac function (to 70%–85% of control). Further decrease in cardiac function to 50% to 75% of control occurred over the next ≈30 minutes despite no detectable further inhibition of SERCA activity. Analysis of the 20 seconds prior to pump failure revealed a rapid decrease in end diastolic volume. Intermediate levels of SERCA function (≈50% of control) had only minor hemodynamic effects. Parallel experiments in field-stimulated isolated ventricular cardiomyocytes monitored intracellular Ca2+ and cell shortening. On perfusion with thapsigargin, Ca2+ transient amplitude and cell shortening fell to ≈70% of control followed by increased diastolic Ca2+ concentration and diastolic cell shortening to achieve a new steady state.
Conclusions: The relationship between SERCA activity and LV function in the rabbit is highly nonlinear. In the short term, only moderate effects on LV pump function were observed despite almost complete (>95%) reduction in SERCA activity. The terminal decline of function was associated with sudden sustained increase in diastolic tone comparable to the sustained contraction observed in isolated cardiomyocytes. Secondary increases of intracellular Ca2+ and Na+ following complete SERCA inhibition eventually limit contractile function and precipitate LV pump failure.
- Received December 7, 2011.
- Revision received April 23, 2012.
- Accepted April 26, 2012.
- © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.