Endosomal Actin Remodeling by Coronin-1A Controls Lipoprotein Uptake and Degradation in Macrophages
Rationale: The actin cytoskeleton has been implicated in the processing of atherogenic lipoproteins in macrophages. However, the functional role of actin and the regulatory proteins involved are unknown.
Objective: Coronin-1A (Coro1A) was identified as a differentially expressed transcript in wild-type versus Niemann-Pick type C1 deficient macrophages exposed to acetylated low-density lipoproteins (AcLDL). We investigated whether Coro1A plays a role in the uptake or processing of modified lipoproteins in macrophages and if this is related to its actin regulatory functions.
Methods and Results: In wild-type primary macrophages, filamentous actin transiently decorated AcLDL containing endosomes that also recruited Coro1A. This dynamic association of F-actin with endosomes was disturbed in Coro1A deficient macrophages. In Coro1A knockout macrophages the uptake of AcLDL was increased, rate of AcLDL delivery to lysosomes enhanced, and lipoprotein-derived cholesteryl ester hydrolysis accelerated. Overexpression of wild-type Coro1A normalized AcLDL uptake in Coro1A knockout macrophages while a Coro1A actin binding mutant did not. Furthermore, the effects of macrophage Coro1A silencing on endosomal actin association and AcLDL delivery to lysosomes resembled those of cofilin silencing.
Conclusions: Coro1A controls actin association with endocytic organelles, thereby negatively regulating endo-lysosomal delivery, degradation of modified lipoproteins and cholesterol deposition in macrophages.
- Received September 15, 2011.
- Revision received December 22, 2011.
- Accepted December 23, 2011.
- © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.