Stroke Volume in the Dog During Graded Exercise
Measurements of stroke volume were made in dogs during graded exercise on a horizontal treadmill up to the maximal exercise which they could maintain for 2 to 3 minutes. Eleven series of experiments were performed on 7 dogs. The cardiac output was measured by the indicator-dilution technic and the heart rate was measured from the aortic pressure tracing. At all grades of exercise, there was little or no change in stroke volume. Even with severe exercise, when the cardiac output had increased from 1.5 to 3.5 (average, 2.4) times the values obtained with the dog standing at rest, the stroke volume showed less than 5 per cent change over resting values in 5 experiments on 4 dogs, while in the remainder the increases were 8, 11, 11, 14, 15, and 19 per cent. Thus, the increase in cardiac output in the untrained exercising dog is almost directly proportional to the increase in heart rate. This is in contrast to other situations, such as the combination of exercise with infusion of catecholamines, where an increase in stroke volume may make an important contribution to the increase in cardiac output.
- Received December 31, 1959.
- © 1960 American Heart Association, Inc.