Ventricular Pressure-Volume Relationships and Oxygen Consumption in Fibrillation and Arrest
Pressure-volume relationships and myocardial oxygen consumption (V·O2) were obtnined in an isolated heart during ventricular fibrillation, potassium-induced arrest, and isovolumetric contractions. The heart was found to be less distensible in fibrillation than in diastole or arrest. The V·O2 increased from 4.6 to 14.6 cc./100 Gm. LV/min. as the fibrillating ventricle was distended. During arrest the V·O2 remained constant despite ventricular distention. When the fibrillating ventricle was distended beyond a critical point coronary flow was compromised and the V·O2 decreased. Beyond and only beyond this point could the V·O2 be increased by the greater coronary flow induced by a higher perfusion pressure.
- Received September 14, 1959.
- © 1960 American Heart Association, Inc.