Effects of pHi on isometric force and [Ca2+]i in porcine coronary artery smooth muscle.
During ischemia or hypoxia, alterations in pHi may play a significant role in alteration of vessel wall function. We studied the effects of altering pHi on isometric force and [Ca2+]i in porcine coronary artery. pHi was altered at constant pHo by use of NH4Cl and measured with the fluorescent dye BCECF. [Ca2+]i was monitored with fura 2 and ratiometric fluorescence measurements. Addition of NH4Cl elicited a concentration-dependent (2 to 30 mmol/L) sustained increase in isometric force in unstimulated tissues. In tissues stimulated with KCl (29 mmol/L) or U46619 (1 mumol/L), addition of NH4Cl elicited a rapid but transient decrease followed by a sustained increase in force above the initial stimulated levels. Removal of NH4Cl was associated with a transient decrease and increase followed by a prolonged depression of force and slow recovery to initial levels. Addition of NH4Cl elicited a rapid monotonic increase in pHi and then a slow recovery toward initial levels; washout of NH4Cl led to a rapid acidification followed by recovery. In contrast to the steady state effects of NH4Cl on force, its effects on [Ca2+i were in the opposite direction. During the sustained increase in force elicited by NH4Cl alkalinization, [Ca2+]i was substantially decreased, whereas when force was depressed during the acidification elicited by NH4Cl washout, [Ca2+i was increased to values observed before addition of NH4Cl. The initial transients in force elicited by NH4Cl addition or washout were also associated with opposite changes in [Ca2+]i. Thus, the effects on force of the NH4Cl-induced changes in pHi are associated with changes in the Ca2+ sensitivity of the contractile apparatus rather than mediated through changes in [Ca2+]i.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association