The anti-inflammatory agent alpha-trinositol exerts its edema-preventing effects through modulation of beta 1 integrin function.
Edema formation in acute inflammation can be induced through lowering of interstitial fluid pressure (Pif) and seems to involve dynamic beta 1 integrin-mediated interactions between dermal cells and extracellular matrix fibers. The present experiments investigate the role of beta 1 integrins in the control of Pif. The anti-inflammatory drug alpha-trinositol (1,2,6-D-myo-inositol trisphosphate) stabilizes Pif in acute inflammation. Pretreatment with 5 mg IV alpha-trinositol in pentobarbital-anesthetized rats inhibited the lowering in Pif and the edema formation induced by subdermal injection of anti-beta 1 integrin IgG. This stabilization of the beta 1 integrin function in vivo was paralleled by effects of alpha-trinositol on contraction of fibroblast-populated three-dimensional collagen lattices in vitro. alpha-Trinositol was additive to the known stimulatory effect of platelet-derived growth factor-BB on the final gel size in the collagen gel contraction assay. Furthermore, alpha-trinositol counteracted the inhibitory effect of anti-beta 1 integrin Fab fragments on collagen gel contraction. Finally, subdermal injection of dibutyryl-cAMP (db-cAMP) induced increased negativity of Pif to the same extent as did anti-beta 1 integrin antibodies, and in vitro db-cAMP reduced the ability of fibroblasts to contract collagen gels. The latter effect was opposed by alpha-trinositol. The data demonstrate that alpha-trinositol modulates beta 1 integrin function and may do so via intracellular pathways in turn affecting the function and/or cell surface expression of beta 1 integrins and suggest that alpha-trinositol can serve as a tool to study integrin function. Furthermore, the data indicate that the collagen contraction assays may provide important information of the control of Pif in vivo.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association