K+ currents and K+ channel mRNA in cultured atrial cardiac myocytes (AT-1 cells).
Atrial tumor myocytes derived from transgenic mice (AT-1 cells) maintain a well-differentiated cardiac biochemical and histological phenotype. In addition, they beat spontaneously in culture and exhibit long action potentials whose repolarization resembles that observed in native mammalian myocytes. In this study, we identified the major depolarization-activated outward currents in AT-1 cells; also, the presence of mRNAs that encode outwardly conducting ion channels was determined by cloning from an AT-1 cDNA library or by Northern hybridization. Among K+ channel isoforms, Kv2.1, minK, and Kv1.4 were readily detected in tumors and at 1 day in culture. Their abundance remained relatively stable (twofold or less change) after 14 days. The major outward current in AT-1 cells is a delayed rectifier that displays prominent inward rectification, activates rapidly (eg, 182 +/- 27 milliseconds [mean +/- SEM] at + 20 mV, n = 12), exhibits biexponential deactivation kinetics, and is extremely sensitive to the methanesulfonanilide dofetilide (IC50, 12 nmol/L). These characteristics identify this current as IKr, a delayed rectifier observed only in cardiac cells. IKr in AT-1 cells displayed slow inactivation: dofetilide-sensitive deactivating tails were greater after 1-second than after 5-second pulses. When IKr was blocked by > or = 0.5 mumol/L dofetilide, time-independent current was usually recorded (50 of 65 experiments); rapidly inactivating (6 of 65) or slowly inactivating (9 of 65) outward currents were occasionally observed. We conclude that AT-1 cells express mRNAs encoding cardiac K+ channels and display a cardiac electrophysiological phenotype.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association