Cloning of the rat alpha 1C-adrenergic receptor from cardiac myocytes. alpha 1C, alpha 1B, and alpha 1D mRNAs are present in cardiac myocytes but not in cardiac fibroblasts.
alpha 1-Adrenergic receptor (AR) activation in cardiac muscle has several different physiological effects that might be mediated through different alpha 1-AR subtypes. Two alpha 1-AR subtypes have been cloned from the rat, the alpha 1B and the alpha 1D; both are present in adult rat heart. A third subtype, the alpha 1C, cloned from the cow and human, was reported to be absent in the rat. However, we recently found alpha 1C mRNA in adult rat heart by using a partial alpha 1C cDNA. Thus, all three cloned alpha 1-AR subtypes are present in the heart, but it is unknown whether each is expressed in cardiac myocytes or in cardiac fibroblasts. In the present study, the full-length rat alpha 1C-AR was cloned from cultured neonatal cardiac myocytes. alpha 1C mRNA transcripts of 3, 9.5, and 11 kb were present in adult rat heart by Northern blot analysis. alpha 1B-, alpha 1C-, and alpha 1D-subtype mRNAs were each present in isolated adult and neonatal cardiac myocytes by RNase protection assay. In addition, cultured neonatal cardiac myocytes expressed the three alpha 1-AR subtype mRNAs. In contrast, none of the alpha 1-AR mRNAs was detected in cultured neonatal cardiac fibroblasts. In addition, alpha 1-ARs were absent in fibroblasts by [3H]prazosin binding and norepinephrine-stimulated [3H]inositol phosphate production. The absence of alpha 1-ARs in cardiac fibroblasts differs from beta-adrenergic and angiotensin II receptors, which are present in both cardiac fibroblasts and cardiac myocytes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association