Properties of single outwardly rectifying Cl- channels in heart.
A variety of potentially important macroscopic Cl- currents have been described in the heart. Although the single-channel properties of the cAMP-dependent current (ICl.cAMP) have been well described, the single-channel equivalents of the other forms of cardiac Cl- current remain unknown. Unlike ICl.cAMP, many of these currents show prominent outward rectification in the presence of symmetrical transmembrane Cl- gradients and sensitivity to disulfonic stilbene Cl- transport blockers. We used the patch-clamp technique to search for single Cl- channels in inside-out patches from rabbit atrial cell membranes, under conditions minimizing the chances of observing channels carrying Na+, Ca2+, or K+. Under symmetrical Cl- conditions, single-channel activity was seen in 14 (9%) of 155 patches. Channels showed strong outward rectification and a unitary conductance of 60 +/- 3 picosiemens (mean +/- SEM) at positive voltages. The current-voltage relation was not altered by replacement of cations by the impermeant cation N'-methyl-D-glucamine (NMDG) and shifted as expected for a Cl(-)-selective channel when methanesulfonate was substituted for Cl-. The Cl- transport blockers DIDS (diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid, 100 mumol/L) and SITS (4-acetamido-4'-isothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid, 1 mmol/L) strongly and reversibly inhibited channel activity when added to the bath and caused channel flickering suggesting open-channel block. Ensemble-average currents showed no time dependence, and the form of the ensemble-average current-voltage relation was similar to that of macroscopic background Cl- current.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association