Neutral endopeptidase in the heart. Neutral endopeptidase inhibition prevents isoproterenol-induced myocardial hypoperfusion in rats by reducing bradykinin degradation.
Peptide mediators may play a role in the control of myocardial perfusion. We found immunohistochemical evidence of the peptide-degrading enzyme neutral endopeptidase (NEP) in cultured rat myocytes. Therefore, we examined the effect of an NEP inhibitor, phosphoramidon, on myocardial perfusion in rats after (1) stimulating sensory nerves with capsaicin and (2) inducing myocardial hypoperfusion with isoproterenol, with or without pretreatment with selective antagonists of the substance P (NK1) and bradykinin (B2) receptors. Three to five sequential determinations of myocardial blood flow were made in anesthetized rats by injecting 100,000 radionuclide-labeled microspheres suspended in 70% dextrose into the left ventricle. Phosphoramidon doubled coronary blood flow in response to a dose of capsaicin that was ineffective in the absence of the inhibitor. Isoproterenol (50 mg/kg IP) caused an immediate fall in blood pressure and coronary blood flow; after 20 minutes, flow had returned to normal but pressure was still subnormal. Administration of phosphoramidon reduced the recovery of blood pressure but greatly increased coronary blood flow. These changes were not altered by a substance P NK1 receptor blocker but were completely abolished by a selective bradykinin B2 receptor blocker. Our data indicate that (1) NEP is present in the rat myocardium, (2) sensory nerve-induced coronary vasodilation is markedly potentiated by NEP inhibition, (3) isoproterenol-induced myocardial hypoperfusion is prevented by NEP inhibition, and (4) this effect of NEP inhibition is due to reduced degradation of bradykinin.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association