Smooth muscle cell migration and matrix metalloproteinase expression after arterial injury in the rat.
We have characterized matrix metalloproteinase expression in the rat carotid artery after two forms of arterial injury, balloon catheter denudation and nylon filament denudation. Gelatinolytic enzymes with molecular masses of 70 and 62 kD were produced constitutively in the rat carotid. Production of an 88-kD gelatinase was induced after balloon catheter injury, and proteinase production continued during the period of migration of smooth muscle cells from the media to the intima, from 6 hours to 6 days after balloon catheter injury. In addition, a marked increase in 62-kD gelatinolytic activity was observed between 4 and 14 days after arterial injury. Gelatinase activities (88 and 62 kD) were also increased after nylon filament denudation but were markedly less after this injury than after balloon catheter injury. These results suggested a correlation between gelatinase activity and smooth muscle cell migration after arterial injury. Administration of a metalloproteinase inhibitor after balloon catheter injury resulted in a 97% reduction in the number of smooth muscle cells migrating into the intima. Therefore, we hypothesize that gelatinase expression directly facilitates smooth muscle cell migration within the media and into the intima. These results suggest that gelatinases are involved in the vascular smooth muscle cell activation and neointimal formation that characterize arterial tissue remodeling after injury.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association