Nitric oxide-mediated effects of interleukin-6 on [Ca2+]i and cell contraction in cultured chick ventricular myocytes.
Cytokines have significant roles in some cardiovascular disorders, but direct myocardial effects of cytokines remain to be elucidated. In the present study, we examined both the early and delayed effects of interleukin-6 (IL-6) on cultured chick embryo ventricular myocytes. Exposure of these cells to human recombinant IL-6 significantly decreased peak systolic [Ca2+]i (71.0 +/- 0.6% of the control value) and the amplitude of cell contraction (66.0 +/- 7.4% of the control value) within a few minutes. Pretreatment with NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) or methylene blue completely inhibited the IL-6-induced early changes. Subsequent addition of L-arginine reversed the effects of L-NMMA. The levels of cGMP were significantly increased after 30 minutes of exposure to IL-6 (134.4 +/- 9.1% of the control value). Pretreatment with L-NMMA or EGTA significantly inhibited the IL-6-induced early elevation of cGMP. These results suggest that IL-6 acutely decreases intracellular Ca2+ transients and depresses cell contraction by nitric oxide (NO)-cGMP-mediated pathway. Therefore, IL-6 may enhance the Ca(2+)-dependent constitutive NO synthase activity in cardiac myocytes. On the other hand, 24-hour exposure to IL-6 also increased the levels of cGMP (159.0 +/- 22.8% of the control value) regardless of pretreatment with EGTA. These delayed increases in cGMP were also shown to be coupled with decreases in intracellular Ca2+ transients and the amplitude of cell contraction. Thus, IL-6 may induce Ca(2+)-independent NO synthase in cardiac myocytes. Together with the previous reports that have suggested the possible roles of IL-6 in myocardial stunning or endotoxic shock, this negative inotropic effect of IL-6 may contribute to these clinical settings.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association