Protein kinase-dependent Cl- currents in feline ventricular myocytes.
A Cl- current (ICl) induced by isoproterenol (ISO) has been identified in isolated guinea pig ventricular myocytes. This ISO-induced ICl can be inhibited by propranolol and mimicked by forskolin (FSK), suggesting that beta-receptors, cAMP, and protein kinase A (PKA) are involved in regulating the involved Cl- channel. Because activation of protein kinase C (PKC) mediated via alpha-adrenergic receptor stimulation is also known to regulate several ion channels, the idea that activation of PKC also can induce ICl was investigated by using isolated feline ventricular myocytes and the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. We found that extracellularly applied phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) could activate ICl in feline ventricular cells. Control experiments indicated that in the absence of PMA or other interventions, the steady-state current-voltage relation of patches maintained for more than 40 minutes was unchanged over a voltage range from -100 to +80 mV. This suggests that the present findings are not complicated by the development over time after patching of a steady-state ICl, similar to the findings reported for canine atrial myocytes. When induced by PMA, ICl was noninactivating and outwardly rectifying; it reversed polarity at approximately the equilibrium potential for Cl- and was sensitive to the Cl- channel blocker 9-anthracene carboxylic acid. In contrast, PMA failed to induce ICl when either staurosporine or calphostin C was added to the patch pipette solution used to internally dialyze the myocytes. The kinetic properties of PMA- and FSK-induced ICl were similar. When supramaximal concentrations of both ISO (1 mumol/L) and PMA (6 mumol/L) were applied simultaneously, the size of the induced ICl was the same as that induced by the same concentrations of either agonist applied alone. In addition, maximal induction of ICl with PMA (6 mumol/L) prevented the effects of FSK (1 mumol/L, the concentration causing approximately 40% of the maximal response [approximately EC40]), yet the effects of simultaneously applied submaximal concentrations (eg, approximately EC25 to approximately EC40) of both 0.5 mumol/L PMA and 1 mumol/L FSK were roughly additive. The results suggest that (1) both PMA and ISO or FSK can induce ICl with approximately equal efficacy, (2) the PMA- and ISO- or FSK-induced ICls are similar, and (3) they all flow through the same set of Cl- channels, implying that channel phosphorylation via either PKA or PKC can activate this feline cardiac ICl.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association