Effects of III-IV linker mutations on human heart Na+ channel inactivation gating.
Na+ channel inactivation, a critical determinant of refractoriness, differs in cardiomyocytes and neurons. In rat brain type IIa (rB2a) Na+ channels, a critical residue in the cytoplasmic linker between domains III and IV regulates fast inactivation such that a Phe-->Gln substitution (F1489Q) inhibits inactivation by at least 85%. Since this residue is conserved in voltage-gated Na+ channels, we tested whether F1485Q, the analogous mutation in human heart (hH1a) Na+ channels, has a similar functional effect. We found that fast inactivation in wild-type (WT) channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes was complete within 15 milliseconds at a test potential of 0 mV, and its time course was biexponential with time constants of 0.4 and 2 milliseconds. But in contrast to rB2a, the FQ mutation inhibited inactivation by < 50% and increased mean single-channel open time by only twofold. Residual fast inactivation was monoexponential, with a time constant similar to that of the slower phase of normal inactivation (2 milliseconds). In the mutant channels, unlike WT, null tracings were absent at holding potentials in the range of -140 to -120 mV, and the voltage range of steady-state inactivation coincided exactly with that of activation, suggesting that residual inactivation was tightly coupled to the open state. As in rB2a, simultaneous mutations of I1484Q and M1486Q, in addition to mutation F1485Q, completely inhibited fast inactivation. Our results show that in heart Na+ channels, the IFM cluster controls the stability of both open- and closed-channel inactivation in a manner qualitatively similar to that in the brain. Structural differences in the putative inactivation receptor may explain the distinct gating patterns in channel subtypes.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association