Acidemia and hypernatremia enhance postischemic recovery of excitation-contraction coupling.
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether Na(+)-H+ and Na(+)-Ca2+ exchanges modulate postischemic recovery of excitation-contraction coupling. Experiments were performed in 43 isolated isovolumic dog hearts perfused with blood (pH 7.40, 141 mmol/L Na+, 34 degrees C, paced at 2 Hz). A 3 x 3-mm region at the left ventricular (LV) apex was loaded with aequorin for monitoring [Ca2+]i simultaneously with LV pressure. No-flow ischemia for 2 to 3 minutes was followed by 20 minutes of aerobic reperfusion with (1) unmodified control blood (141 mmol/L Na+, pH 7.40), (2) acidemic blood (141 mmol/L Na+, pH 6.60, at 0 to 3 minutes of reperfusion), (3) hypernatremic blood (149 or 157 mmol/L Na+, pH 7.40, at 0 to 20 minutes of reperfusion), or (4) hyperosmotic blood (141 mmol/L Na+ + 30 mmol/L mannitol, pH 7.40, at 0 to 20 minutes of reperfusion). Reperfusion with unmodified control blood was immediately followed by an increase in [Ca2+]i and LV systolic and diastolic pressure that persisted for 2 to 3 minutes before returning to or below baseline. Ventricular arrhythmia occurred during this period (> 80%). This transient increase of [Ca2+]i was attenuated by acidemic or hypernatremic perfusate. With acidemic or hypernatremic reperfusion, recovery of LV developed pressure at 20 minutes was more complete than with unmodified control reperfusion: acidemic blood (n = 7), 93 +/- 3% (P < .01); hypernatremic blood (149 mmol/L Na+, n = 7), 89 +/- 2% (P < .02); hypernatremic blood (157 mmol/L Na+, n = 4), 91 +/- 2% (P < .01); and unmodified control blood (n = 17), 80 +/- 2%. With hyperosmotic reperfusion, recovery of LV developed pressure at 20 minutes was not improved (82 +/- 3%). From these results we conclude that (1) an increase in intracellular Ca2+ occurs transiently after no-flow ischemia and may cause arrhythmia and decreased Ca2+ responsiveness of the contractile elements, (2) acidemic and hypernatremic reperfusion ameliorates postischemic dysfunction by preventing the increase in intracellular Ca2+, suggesting that (3) Na(+)-H+ and Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange may play important modulatory roles during reperfusion.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association