Responses of neurons in the nucleus tractus solitarius to stimulation of heart and lung receptors in the rat.
To characterize central integration of reflex responses to stimulation of mechanically and chemically sensitive receptors in the heart and lung, male rats (350 to 425 g) were anesthetized (pentobarbital, 50 mg/kg IP) and paralyzed (gallamine triethiodide, 25 mg/kg IV) and then they underwent bilateral sinoaortic denervation. Extracellular activity of neurons in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) was recorded in response to bolus intra-atrial saline (50, 100, 200, or 300 microL) or phenylbiguanide (PBG, 16 micrograms/kg in 100 microL) administered in random sequence. Changes in mean arterial pressure (MAP), mean right atrial pressure, and right atrial systolic pressure (RASP) were measured as correlates of stimulus intensity, and heart rate (HR) and renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) were used to assess efferent reflex effects of cardiac and pulmonary receptor stimulation. NTS neurons with possible afferent input from stretch and chemically sensitive receptors were identified by an excitatory evoked response to electrical stimulation of the ipsilateral vagus nerve (1 Hz, 500 microA, 1-millisecond duration). Thirty-eight vagus nerve-evoked NTS units with onset latencies of 25.3 +/- 0.9 milliseconds displayed excitatory or inhibitory responses to saline or PBG injections or to both interventions. Saline administration elicited volume-dependent transient increases in MAP and RASP, which were followed by reflex decreases in MAP, HR, and RSNA. PBG injections also evoked hypotension, bradycardia, and sympathoinhibition.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association