8-bromo-cGMP reduces the myofilament response to Ca2+ in intact cardiac myocytes.
The role of cGMP in myocardial contraction is not established. Recent reports suggest that nitric oxide, released by endothelial cells or within myocytes, modifies myocardial contraction by raising cGMP. We studied the effects of 8-bromo-cGMP (8bcGMP, 50 mumol/L) on contraction (cell shortening) and simultaneous intracellular Ca2+ transients (indo 1 fluorescence ratio) in intact adult rat ventricular myocytes (0.5 Hz and 25 degrees C) 8bcGMP reduced myocyte twitch amplitude and time to peak shortening (-19.6 +/- 4.2% and -17.6 +/- 1.3%, respectively) and increased steady-state diastolic cell length (+0.6 +/- 0.1 microns, mean +/- SEM, n = 8; all P < .05) but had no effect on shortening velocity, systolic or diastolic fluorescence ratio, or time to peak fluorescence ratio (all P = NS). In 7 of 13 myocytes, this negative inotropic effect was preceded by a transient positive inotropic effect, with small increases in twitch amplitude, shortening velocity, and cytosolic Ca2+ transient. Analysis of 8bcGMP effects on both the dynamic and steady-state relation between cell shortening and intracellular Ca2+ (during twitch contraction and tetanic contraction, respectively) indicated reduction in the myofilament response to Ca2+ in all cases. These 8bcGMP effects were inhibited by KT5823 (1 mumol/L), an inhibitor of cGMP-dependent protein kinase, or by the presence of isoproterenol (3 nmol/L). 8bcGMP had no effect on cytosolic pH in cells (n = 4) loaded with the fluorescent probe carboxyseminaphthorhodafluor-1. These data indicate that cGMP may modulate myocardial relaxation and diastolic tone by reducing the relative myofilament response to Ca2+, probably via cGMP-dependent protein kinase.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association