Changes in type VI adenylyl cyclase isoform expression correlate with a decreased capacity for cAMP generation in the aging ventricle.
We investigated the developmental regulation of the beta-adrenergic receptor-Gs-adenylyl cyclase pathway in myocardial membranes from fetal, neonatal, adult, and mature adult rats by measuring the density of the beta-adrenergic receptor and the activities of the stimulatory guanine nucleotide-binding protein Gs and the adenylyl cyclase enzyme. Total beta-adrenergic receptor content (in femtomoles per milligram protein) was greatest in the fetal (124.4 +/- 20.5 fmol/mg) and neonatal (122.3 +/- 16.1 fmol/mg) stages and gradually decreased in the adult (90.9 +/- 8.0 fmol/mg) and mature adult (70.0 +/- 9.6 fmol/mg) stages. An equivalent pattern was seen for adenylyl cyclase activity: the basal activity of the effector enzyme or that measured in the presence of 0.1 mmol/L isoproterenol with 0.1 mmol/L Gpp(NH)p, 10 mmol/L NaF, or 0.05 mmol/L forskolin was greater in the fetus and the neonate than in the adult and the mature adult. These data suggested that decreased stimulation of the catalytic unit by Gs could be the underlying cause of diminished adenylyl cyclase activity with aging. However, quantification of Gs by reconstitution into S49 cyc- membranes (in picomoles cAMP per microgram for 10 minutes) demonstrated no significant decrease during development from fetus (1.55 +/- 0.1 pmol/microgram) to neonate (1.9 +/- 0.5 pmol/microgram) and subsequent aging to adult (2.6 +/- 0.2 pmol/micrograms) and mature adult (1.9 +/- 0.2 pmol/microgram). When Northern blot analysis was used to characterize the relative amounts of mRNA coding for Gs alpha, no significant differences were seen among the developmental stages studied.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association