Purinergic axis in cardiac blood vessels. Agonist-mediated release of ATP from cardiac endothelial cells.
Purified endothelial cells isolated from guinea pig hearts by enzymatic perfusion were grown in monolayer culture and used to test the ability of a variety of vasoactive agents to stimulate ATP release from these cells. Stimulation of endothelial cells with the peptide agonist bradykinin (1 nmol/L), acetylcholine (1 mumol/L), serotonin (1 mumol/L), or adenosine 5'-diphosphate (10 mumol/L) resulted in the rapid appearance of ATP in the incubation medium determined with the firefly luciferase assay for ATP. Addition of antagonists for muscarinic (atropine, 0.1 mumol/L) and purinergic (suramin, 100 mumol/L; reactive blue-2, 100 mumol/L) receptors suggested that ATP release from these cells was receptor-mediated. Bradykinin-induced release of ATP was rapid (peak < 30 seconds at 3 nmol/L bradykinin), dose-dependent (EC50, 0.18 nmol/L), and diminished with repeated administration of agonist. Desensitization to bradykinin also affected the ability of acetylcholine to induce release and was reversible when cells were returned to growth conditions for short periods. Measurement of released adenyl purines as their fluorescent N6-ethenopurine derivatives by high-performance liquid chromatography revealed the origin of the purine released to be ATP and confirmed its rapid dephosphorylation. Addition of the purine nucleotide analogues 2-methylthio-ATP (2-methyl-S-ATP), ADP, and beta gamma-methylene ATP to endothelial cell cultures resulted in a dose-dependent increase in the appearance of ATP measured in the medium bathing the cells at 30 seconds, suggesting the presence of ATP-induced ATP release.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association