Protein kinase C isoform expression and regulation in the developing rat heart.
To determine whether age-dependent differences in cardiac responses to autonomic agonists could result from developmental changes in protein kinase C (PKC) isoform expression, we probed extracts from the fetal, neonatal, and adult heart as well as cultured neonatal and isolated adult ventricular myocytes with specific antisera to calcium-dependent (alpha and beta) and calcium-independent (delta, epsilon and zeta) isoforms of the enzyme. Although PKC-beta immunoreactivity could not be detected in cultured neonatal or isolated adult ventricular myocytes, adult and neonatal myocytes expressed multiple other isoforms of PKC. Our studies revealed an age-dependent decline in the immunoreactivity for three PKC isoforms. PKC-alpha was detected in extracts from the fetal and 2-day-old neonatal heart as well as cultured neonatal rat ventricular myocytes. Only faint PKC-alpha immunoreactivity was detected in extracts from the adult heart, and PKC-alpha was not detected in extracts from isolated adult ventricular myocytes, suggesting that PKC-alpha resides in nonmyocyte elements in the adult heart. PKC-delta also was detected in greater abundance in fetal and neonatal than in adult myocardial extracts. The decline in PKC-alpha and PKC-delta expression occurred during the first 2 postnatal weeks. PKC-zeta was detected in greatest abundance in extracts from the fetal heart. PKC-zeta expression declined markedly by the second postnatal day, and only faint PKC-zeta immunoreactivity was detected in extracts from adult myocardium. Failure to detect PKC-zeta in extracts from isolated adult ventricular myocytes suggests that PKC-zeta resides primarily in nonmyocyte elements in the adult heart. PKC-epsilon was detected in all preparations, but it was detected in greatest abundance in extracts from neonatal hearts. In vitro sympathetic innervation of previously noninnervated neonatal ventricular myocytes or in vivo chemical sympathectomy of the neonatal heart did not modulate PKC isoform expression, suggesting that sympathetic innervation does not significantly regulate PKC isoform expression. PKC-alpha partitioned to the soluble fraction of unstimulated myocytes and was selectively translocated to the particulate fraction by Ca2+. In contrast, a major portion of the novel PKC isoforms partitioned to the particulate fraction of unstimulated myocytes. The subcellular distribution of novel PKC isoforms was not influenced by Ca2+. 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA, 300 nmol/L) induced translocation of soluble PKC-alpha, PKC-delta, and PKC-epsilon to the particulate fraction at 30 minutes and complete (PKC-alpha and PKC-delta) or 80% (PKC-epsilon) downregulation at 24 hours. PKC-zeta was not affected by TPA.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association