Expression of beta-arrestins and beta-adrenergic receptor kinases in the failing human heart.
The beta-adrenergic receptor system of the failing human heart is markedly desensitized. We have recently postulated that this desensitization may in part be caused by an increase in beta-adrenergic receptor kinase (beta ARK) expression. beta ARK is thought to effect desensitization by acting in concert with an inhibitor protein, called beta-arrestin. Two isoforms have been identified both for beta ARK and for beta-arrestin. In the present study, we have investigated the expression of the individual isoforms of beta-arrestin and of beta ARK in left ventricles from failing and control human hearts. mRNAs for all four proteins, beta-arrestin-1, beta-arrestin-2, beta ARK-1, and beta ARK-2, were identified in human heart. Quantitation by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reactions showed that in heart failure there were no changes of the mRNA levels for beta-arrestin-1 and beta-arrestin-2, a slight (< 50%) increase of the mRNA for beta ARK-2, and a threefold increase for beta ARK-1 mRNA. At the protein level, beta-arrestin-1 was readily detected by Western blotting in human heart. Its absolute values were approximately 350 fmol/mg cytosolic protein, and its expression was not changed in heart failure. beta-Arrestin-2 levels were too low to be detectable using the same methods. beta ARK levels as determined by enzymatic activity were approximately 20 fmol/mg cytosolic protein (beta ARK-1 plus beta ARK-2) and thus almost 20-fold lower than those of beta-arrestin. beta ARK levels were increased approximately twofold in heart failure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association