Nitrate tolerance in vivo is not associated with depletion of arterial or venous thiol levels.
Results from in vitro experiments suggest that development of nitrate tolerance is due to a depletion of vascular thiol compounds (ie, cysteine and glutathione [GSH]) necessary for the bioconversion of organic nitrates. However, it is unknown whether in vivo tolerance development is associated with changes in thiol levels. This study measures plasma and vessel tissue GSH and cysteine levels in nontolerant rats, nitrate-tolerant rats, and rats treated with the two characteristically different thiol donors N-acetyl-L-cysteine and L-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid (OXO). Chronically catheterized conscious rats received an intravenous infusion of either nitroglycerin (NTG, 0.2 mg/h) or matching placebo for 3 days. At day 3, the hypotensive effect of 2.5 mg NTG/kg was decreased by 74 +/- 6% (mean +/- SEM, P < .05) in the NTG-treated group (n = 7), indicating the development of tolerance. No change in the hypotensive effect of NTG was seen in the placebo group (n = 6, P > .05). Hemodynamic tolerance is not associated with changes in aorta cysteine or GSH levels as compared with the placebo group (cysteine, 77 +/- 14 versus 57 +/- 11 [mean + SEM] nmol/g; GSH, 414 +/- 62 versus 399 +/- 89 nmol/g; P > .05). However, the increase in vascular thiol levels seen after OXO treatment in nontolerant rats is completely absent in nitrate-tolerant animals.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association