Intracellular myoglobin loading worsens H2O2-induced, but not hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced, in vitro proximal tubular injury.
Intracellular iron reportedly mediates many forms of tissue injury, including ischemic and myohemoglobinuric acute renal failure. This action may be explained by the ability of iron to catalyze the formation of the highly toxic hydroxyl radical (.OH) from H2O2 via the Fenton/Haber-Weiss reactions. To assess whether renal tubular myoglobin/iron loading, induced by a physiological mechanism (endocytosis), alters its susceptibility to O2 deprivation/reoxygenation- and H2O2-mediated injury, rats were infused with myoglobin or its vehicle (5% dextrose, control rats), and after 2 hours, proximal tubular segments (PTSs) were isolated for study. This infusion caused substantial myoglobin endocytic uptake (approximately 25 micrograms/mg PTS protein), and it doubled PTS catalytic iron content (assessed by bleomycin assay). Nevertheless, PTS viability (percent lactate dehydrogenase release) was minimally affected (4% to 6% increase), and an increased .OH burden (assessed by the salicylate trap method) did not appear to result. Deferoxamine addition, reported to protect against in vivo acute renal failure, paradoxically increased .OH levels (approximately 25%) in myoglobin-loaded, but not control, PTSs. Conversely, dimethylthiourea (an .OH scavenger) depressed .OH (by approximately 80%) in all PTSs. Myoglobin/iron loading modestly increased PTS vulnerability to exogenous H2O2 addition (P < .001). However, tubular susceptibility to hypoxia (15 and 30 minutes)/reoxygenation injury was not affected. .OH levels appeared to fall in response to both forms of injury, suggesting decreased .OH production and/or .OH scavenging. To assess whether myoglobin decreases .OH levels in the presence of Fenton reactants, myoglobin and six other test proteins were incubated with Fe2+/H2O2. Myoglobin decreased .OH levels by approximately 70%, a significantly greater decrement than was observed with the other proteins tested.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association