Effects of brief repetitive ischemia on contractility, relaxation, and coronary flow. Exaggerated postischemic diastolic dysfunction in pressure-overload hypertrophy.
The recovery of systolic and diastolic function during unstable angina may be modified by the repetition of brief episodes of ischemia and by the presence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). We studied the effects of six consecutive 5-minute cycles of no-flow ischemia and reperfusion followed by 25 minutes of recovery in isovolumic red blood cell-perfused hearts from aortic-banded rats with chronic LVH (n = 8) and sham-operated control rats (n = 8). At baseline (left ventricular end-diastolic pressure [LVEDP], 10 mm Hg), left ventricular developed pressure (123 +/- 5 versus 114 +/- 5 mm Hg/g) and coronary flow [2.5 +/- 0.3 versus 2.2 +/- 0.2 (mL/min)/g] were similar in LVH versus control rats. Repetitive ischemia was associated with progressive depression of postischemic recovery of left ventricular systolic function, and the recovery of left ventricular developed pressure after the final 25-minute reperfusion period was similar in LVH versus control rats (61 +/- 6% versus 72 +/- 4% of baseline, P = NS). Although there was no increase in isovolumic LVEDP during the initial cycle of transient ischemia, both groups showed a rapid and similar rise in LVEDP during subsequent ischemic cycles (delta 82 +/- 8 versus delta 89 +/- 7 mm Hg/g in response to the final ischemia cycle for LVH versus control rats, respectively; P = NS). The control hearts showed complete restoration of LVEDP to baseline during final reperfusion, whereas the LVH hearts showed prolonged and severe postischemic diastolic dysfunction.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association