Nitric oxide formation contributes to beta-adrenergic dilation of resistance coronary vessels in conscious dogs.
The contribution of the L-arginine/nitric oxide pathway to beta-adrenergic dilation of resistance coronary vessels was examined in conscious dogs instrumented for measuring coronary blood flow (CBF), left ventricular (LV) wall thickening, and LV and aortic pressures and for intracoronary injections of acetylcholine (0.003 micrograms/kg), nitroglycerin (0.175 micrograms/kg), and graded doses of isoproterenol (0.0005 to 0.004 micrograms/kg). Peak increases in CBF with intracoronary isoproterenol (0.001 micrograms/kg) averaged 105 +/- 10% from baseline. With acetylcholine, CBF increased by 158 +/- 11%, and with nitroglycerin, CBF increased by 139 +/- 10%. After the administration of intracoronary N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 10 micrograms/kg per minute for 12 minutes) to block nitric oxide synthesis from L-arginine, baseline CBF was not altered, and CBF increased by 49 +/- 7% with isoproterenol and by 94 +/- 6% with acetylcholine; both values were smaller (P < .01) than those before the arginine analogue. With nitroglycerin, CBF was increased by 145 +/- 11%, not significantly different from the value before L-NAME. Intracoronary L-arginine (1.0 mg/kg per minute for 12 minutes), the precursor of nitric oxide synthesis, partially reversed the inhibition of L-NAME on CBF responses to acetylcholine and isoproterenol. After beta 1-adrenergic blockade, CBF responses to isoproterenol and acetylcholine were also reduced (P < .05) by the arginine analogue. When increases in CBF were prevented, peak changes in coronary vascular conductance with intracoronary bolus doses of acetylcholine and isoproterenol were attenuated (P < .01) by L-NAME. Thus, nitric oxide formation is an important intermediate in beta-adrenergic dilation of resistance coronary vessels in conscious dogs.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association