Differential effects of the optical isomers of EMD 53998 on contraction and cytoplasmic Ca2+ in isolated ferret cardiac muscle.
EMD 53998 (a thiadiazinone) is a novel inotropic substance that increases the Ca2+ sensitivity of the myofilaments in skinned cardiac fibers and has been found to have similar effects in intact cardiac muscle. However, the compound also possesses the ability to inhibit phosphodiesterase III, indicating that its actions in intact cardiac muscle are likely to be complex. The present study was carried out to investigate the possibility that the optical isomers of EMD 53998--(+)EMD 57033 and (-)EMD 57439--which have recently been shown to possess a separation of sensitization and phosphodiesterase inhibition in subcellular preparations, might also demonstrate this separation of activities in intact cardiac muscle. The experiments were performed on isolated ferret papillary muscles, which were contracting isometrically. In some preparations, the photoprotein aequorin was injected into superficial cells to measure intracellular Ca2+ as well as force. (+)EMD 57033 caused a substantial positive inotropic effect that was associated with prolongation of the twitch, reduction in the amplitude of the Ca2+ transient, and abbreviation of the Ca2+ transient. This is the profile expected of a Ca(2+)-sensitizing compound. Conversely, (-)EMD 57439 caused a less marked positive inotropic effect that was associated with an abbreviation of the twitch, an increase in the amplitude of the Ca2+ transient, and an abbreviation of the Ca2+ transient. This is the profile expected of an agent producing its inotropic effect by increasing cAMP (e.g., phosphodiesterase inhibition). The results indicate that the optical isomers of EMD 53998 possess a remarkable separation of Ca(2+)-sensitizing and phosphodiesterase-inhibiting activities in intact cardiac muscle. These actions were additive and could account for the effects observed with EMD 53998. (+)EMD 57033 appears to be the first inotropic agent that acts predominantly by increasing myofilament calcium sensitivity.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association