Smooth muscle cell proliferation. Expression and kinase activities of p34cdc2 and mitogen-activated protein kinase homologues.
Rat vascular smooth muscle cells were synchronized to the quiescent state (G0) by serum deprivation and then stimulated to enter the cell cycle by serum refeeding. At various times of the cell cycle, cells were analyzed for the expression of p34cdc2 and mitogen-activated protein kinase homologues by immunoblotting and for kinase activity toward histone H1, myelin basic protein, and caldesmon. A small amount of p34cdc2 was expressed in the G0/G1 phase (0 to 8 hours). At the G1/S transition (12 hours), the level of p34cdc2 started to accumulate and increased by 60-fold at G2/M (18 hours), accompanied by a more slowly migrating band. Histone H1 kinase activity was undetectable in anti-p34cdc2 immunoprecipitates in the G0/G1 cells but appeared around the G1/S boundary and peaked at G2/M (18 hours). The caldesmon kinase activity exhibited two distinct phases: the first appeared at G0/G1 (0 to 8 hours), and the second appeared at G1/S and continued through G2/M. Two mitogen-activated protein kinase isoforms were expressed throughout the cell cycle. Anti-mitogen-activated protein kinase immunoprecipitates possessed kinase activities toward myelin basic protein and caldesmon, which were activated within 15 minutes after serum stimulation and declined within a few hours. These findings suggest that p34cdc2 and mitogen-activated protein kinase homologues may play significant roles in regulating the progression of the cell cycle of smooth muscle cells, the former at the G2/M transition and the latter at the G0/G1 transition.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association