Angiotensin II is mitogenic in neonatal rat cardiac fibroblasts.
Angiotensin II has been reported to be a hormonal stimulus of cardiac growth, a response that may involve myocyte hypertrophy as well as growth of nonmyocytes. This study was designed to determine whether neonatal rat cardiac fibroblasts have an angiotensin II receptor that is coupled with hypertrophic and/or proliferative growth. Competitive radioligand binding studies showed that cardiac fibroblasts have a single class of high-affinity (IC50, 1.0 nM) angiotensin II binding sites (Bmax, 778 fmol/mg protein) that are sensitive to the competitive nonpeptide AT1 receptor antagonist losartan (IC50, 13 nM). Other angiotensin peptides competed for [125I]angiotensin II binding in the following rank order: angiotensin II > angiotensin III > angiotensin I > > [des-Asp1-des-Arg2]angiotensin II. A nonhydrolyzable analogue of guanosine triphosphate increased the dissociation rate of bound [125I]angiotensin II and decreased hormone binding to the receptor at equilibrium. The angiotensin II receptor was coupled with increases in intracellular calcium. Incorporation of precursors into protein, DNA, and RNA in response to angiotensin II was determined. In serum-deprived cultures, a 24-hour exposure to 1 microM [Sar1]angiotensin II increased rates of phenylalanine, thymidine, and uridine incorporation by 58%, 103%, and 118%, respectively. These increases were blocked by the noncompetitive AT1 receptor antagonist EXP3174. After 48 hours, [Sar1]angiotensin II increased total protein and DNA of cardiac fibroblasts by 23% and 15%, respectively, with no change in the protein/DNA ratio. [Sar1]Angiotensin II increased cell number by 138% after a 24-hour exposure, without affecting cell area. In summary, cardiac fibroblasts have G protein-linked AT1 receptors that are coupled with proliferative growth. These results suggest that angiotensin II-induced cardiac hypertrophy is, in part, secondary to stimulated increases in nonmyocyte cellular growth.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association