Role of kinins and nitric oxide in the effects of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors on neointima formation.
Marked neointima formation occurs after balloon injury to the intima of rat arteries. Angiotensin II has been implicated as a growth factor in this process, since angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors block neointima formation after injury. However, ACE is an important kininase, and its inhibitors may act in part by a kinin-mediated mechanism. Kinins are also known to stimulate synthesis of endothelium-derived relaxing factor/nitric oxide (EDRF/NO) and prostacyclin, both of which have antigrowth effects. To determine whether the effect of ACE inhibitors on neointima formation is due to blockade of angiotensin II synthesis alone and/or inhibition of kinin inactivation, we followed two approaches. First, we compared the inhibition of neointima formation induced by the AT1-type angiotensin II receptor antagonist losartan with that caused by the ACE inhibitor ramipril. We also studied whether a kinin receptor antagonist, Hoe 140, blocks the effect of two different ACE inhibitors, ramipril and enalapril, on neointima formation. In addition, we studied whether the effect of ramipril is blocked by an NO synthesis inhibitor, N omega-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME). Although both ramipril and losartan significantly reduced neointima formation, ramipril had a more marked effect (p < 0.05 for ramipril versus losartan). The kinin antagonist Hoe 140 reduced the inhibitory effect of ramipril and enalapril by 73% and 62%, respectively. The remaining effect of the ACE inhibitors was now similar to that of losartan. Inhibition of neointima formation by ramipril was also blocked by the NO synthesis inhibitor L-NAME.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association