Regulation of angiotensin II receptors on ventricular myocytes after myocardial infarction in rats.
To determine the effects of acute myocardial infarction on the regulation of angiotensin II (Ang II) receptors and contractile performance of left and right ventricular myocytes, coronary artery ligation was surgically induced in rats, and Ang II receptor density and affinity and the mechanical properties of surviving muscle cells were examined 1 week later. Physiological determinations of cardiac pump function revealed the presence of ventricular failure, which was associated at the cellular level with a depression in the velocity of myocyte shortening and relengthening, a prolongation of time to peak shortening, and a reduction in the extent of cell shortening. These abnormalities in single-cell function were more prominent in left than in right ventricular myocytes. Cellular hypertrophy was documented by increases in cell length and width, which were also greater in the spared myocytes of the infarcted left ventricle. Reactive hypertrophy was accompanied by a 1.84- and 1.85-fold increase in the density of Ang II receptors on left and right myocytes, respectively. On the other hand, the affinity of Ang II receptors for the radiolabeled antagonist was not altered. However, Ang II-stimulated phosphoinositol turnover was enhanced by 3.7- and 2.5-fold in left and right myocytes, respectively, after infarction. Ventricular myocytes were found to possess the AT1 receptor subtype exclusively. In conclusion, myocardial infarction leads to impairment in the contractile behavior of the remaining cells and to the activation of Ang II receptors and effector pathway associated with these receptors, which may be involved in the reactive growth adaptation of the viable myocytes.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association