Effect of dysfunctional vascular endothelium on myocardial performance in isolated papillary muscles.
Vascular endothelium has been shown to modify the contractile characteristics of vascular smooth muscle, and endocardial endothelium has been shown to modify the contractile characteristics of adjacent myocardium. In this study, whether vascular endothelium also modifies the contractile characteristics of adjacent myocardium and whether these effects are additive to those of endocardial endothelium were investigated. Rabbit hearts (n = 54) were excised and mounted in a Langendorff preparation. Vascular reactivity was verified by acetylcholine infusion. One group of these hearts had Triton X-100 injected as a bolus into the coronaries to render the vascular endothelium dysfunctional. The other portion served as control hearts. Triton X-100 bolus injection resulted in little or no pathological changes on morphological examination; however, the vasodilatory response to acetylcholine in these hearts was abolished, suggesting vascular endothelial dysfunction. Vascular smooth muscle reactivity was verified in Triton X-100-injected hearts by nitroprusside infusion. In the control Langendorff-perfused hearts, there was little evidence of vascular endothelial dysfunction, with the coronary perfusion rate increasing from 8.9 +/- 0.4 to 11.0 +/- 0.3 ml/g per minute (p < 0.01) in response to acetylcholine. All hearts were then removed, and right ventricular papillary muscles were excised for myocardial mechanical studies. Control Langendorff-perfused hearts had myocardial mechanical characteristics similar to those of muscles from 18 other control hearts without Langendorff perfusion, indicating that the Langendorff perfusion itself had little effect on myocardial mechanics. The muscles from the Triton X-100-injected Langendorff hearts had marked changes: a shortening of twitch duration (363 +/- 16 versus 449 +/- 9 msec, p < 0.01) and decreases in total tension (2.2 +/- 0.2 versus 2.9 +/- 0.2 g/mm2, p < 0.01), dT/dt (9 +/- 1 versus 12 +/- 1 g/mm2 per second, p < 0.05), and maximum velocity of unloaded muscle shortening (Vmax) (0.89 +/- 0.06 versus 1.14 +/- 0.07 length at which maximum developed tension occurred [Lmax]/sec, p < 0.05). Endocardial endothelial removal of the papillary muscles in the two control groups (with and without Langendorff perfusion) by Triton X-100 caused the same changes in twitch characteristics as occurred in muscles from the Langendorff-perfused hearts injected with Triton X-100 but with intact endocardial endothelium, suggesting that vascular endothelial dysfunction had similar effects on contractile characteristics as endocardial endothelial removal.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association