Hepatorenal reflex plays an important role in natriuresis after high-NaCl food intake in conscious dogs.
Responses of renal nerve activity and urinary Na+ and Cl- excretion were examined in chronically instrumented conscious dogs through feedings of boiled rice with or without NaCl. The boiled rice (20 g/kg body wt) without NaCl did not influence plasma Na+ and Cl- concentrations, renal nerve activity, or urinary Na+ excretion but decreased urinary Cl- excretion. On the other hand, boiled rice containing NaCl (0.4 g/kg body wt) increased plasma Na+ (+3.8 +/- 0.7 meq/l) and Cl- (+3.0 +/- 1.5 meq/l) concentrations, then decreased renal nerve activity by 61 +/- 4%, and increased urinary Na+ and Cl- excretions. In dogs with hepatic denervation, a decrease in renal nerve activity, which was observed in intact dogs in response to the high-NaCl food intake, was completely abolished along with significant attenuation of postprandial natriuresis. That is, only 9 +/- 5% of the loaded Na+ and 7 +/- 3% of the loaded Cl- were excreted during 4 consecutive hours in hepatic-denervated dogs, whereas 36 +/- 5% of the loaded Na+ and 36 +/- 4% of the loaded Cl- were excreted in intact dogs. In dogs with renal denervation, postprandial natriuresis was also attenuated. These results indicate that the high-NaCl food intake elicits a decrease in renal nerve activity, the decrease is predominantly mediated by the hepatic nerves, and the decrease in renal nerve activity plays an important role in augmentation of urinary Na+ and Cl- excretion. Thus, the hepatorenal reflex may play an important role in controlling extracellular fluid homeostasis during food intake.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association