Impairment by damage of the pterygopalatine ganglion of nitroxidergic vasodilator nerve function in canine cerebral and retinal arteries.
Histochemical study revealed that transcutaneous injection of ethanol into the vicinity of the pterygopalatine ganglion greatly decreased the positive staining for NADPH diaphorase activity after 1 week in the ipsilateral ganglion of a dog and abolished the staining of perivascular nerves in the middle and posterior cerebral arteries. Transmural electrical stimulation or nicotine produced a relaxation in middle and posterior cerebral arteries isolated from the side with the nontreated ganglion (control side), whereas the relaxation was abolished or reversed to a contraction in the arteries from the side with the ethanol-treated ganglion. Nitric oxide-induced relaxations did not differ in the arteries from both sides. The response to nerve stimulation of the control arteries was suppressed by treatment with NG-nitro-L-arginine (L-NA), an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, and the inhibition was reversed by L-arginine. Nicotine produced a contraction followed by a relaxation in central retinal arterial strips obtained from the control side; the relaxation was abolished and the contraction was potentiated in the arteries from the treated side. The nicotine-induced relaxation was abolished by L-NA, and the contraction was suppressed by phentolamine. On the other hand, the nicotine-induced relaxation in superficial temporal arteries, susceptible to L-NA, was not attenuated by treatment with ethanol. The findings obtained so far support our hypothesis that nitric oxide released from the vasodilator nerve acts as a transmitter to produce arterial smooth muscle relaxation and suggest that the nerve fibers to the cerebral and retinal arteries arise from the pterygopalatine ganglion.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association