Substrate-induced changes in the lipid content of ischemic and reperfused myocardium. Its relation to hemodynamic recovery.
To investigate the effect of lactate, pyruvate, and glucose on the endogenous levels of lipids in the normoxic, ischemic, and reperfused myocardium, isolated working rat hearts were exposed to various grades of ischemic insult (15, 30, or 45 minutes). Glucose was present as the basal substrate in the perfusion medium, and lactate (5 mM) or pyruvate (5 mM) was added as the cosubstrate. Lipid metabolism was evaluated by fatty acid accumulation, triacylglycerol turnover, and phospholipid homeostasis. Exogenous lactate significantly increased fatty acid content above preischemic levels after 45 minutes of ischemia. In glucose-perfused hearts, fatty acid levels were even slightly higher than in lactate-perfused hearts, whereas pyruvate-perfused hearts demonstrated less accumulation of fatty acids. By reperfusion, fatty acid levels in glucose-perfused hearts returned to control values. In lactate- and pyruvate-perfused hearts, fatty acid accumulation was further enhanced by reperfusion. When the fatty acid content exceeded 400 nmol/g dry wt during reperfusion, hemodynamic function was impaired, whereas fatty acid levels below 400 nmol/g dry wt did not correlate with hemodynamic recovery. The total triacylglycerol content did not change during ischemia and reperfusion. However, accumulation of glycerol was remarkable during the first 15 minutes of ischemia in all hearts, and release of glycerol by reperfusion was considerable in lactate-perfused hearts after 30 minutes of ischemia and in all groups of hearts after 45 minutes of ischemia. Release of glycerol in association with maintained levels of triacylglycerols suggests turnover of the triacylglycerol pool. The rate of triacylglycerol cycling correlated poorly with hemodynamic recovery. Accumulation of arachidonic acid revealed disturbances in phospholipid turnover. Arachidonic acid accumulation during reperfusion demonstrated a strong relation with impairment of cardiac function. Hence, derangements in phospholipid homeostasis during reperfusion might be involved in myocardial damage, which is influenced by the substrates available.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association