Age-related alterations in the phosphorylation of sarcoplasmic reticulum and myofibrillar proteins and diminished contractile response to isoproterenol in intact rat ventricle.
Previous studies have shown that the inotropic response of the heart to beta-adrenergic stimulation declines with aging. This alteration has been attributed partly to an age-related impairment in the activation of the beta-adrenoceptor-G protein-adenylate cyclase complex. To further understand the mechanisms underlying the age-related deficit, the present study compared beta-adrenergic-mediated contractile response, cAMP accumulation, and phosphorylation of sarcoplasmic reticulum and myofibrillar proteins in isolated perfused hearts from adult (6-8 months) and aged (28-30 months) Fischer 344 rats. In isometrically contracting, electrically paced (240 beats per minute) hearts perfused at constant flow rate (9 ml/min per gram ventricle), the baseline contractile performance differed significantly between adult and aged hearts. Thus, contraction duration was prolonged (approximately 15%, p < 0.001) in the aged relative to the adult heart, and this was due to increases in time to peak tension and relaxation time. Further, developed peak tension, normalized per gram ventricular wet weight, was significantly lower (approximately 20%, p < 0.05) in the aged compared with the adult heart. In these isolated perfused heart preparations, beta-adrenergic stimulation with isoproterenol (ISO, 0.001-1 microM) evoked concentration-dependent positive inotropic and lusitropic responses, both of which were significantly lower (15-20%, p < 0.05-0.001) in the aged compared with the adult heart. These age-related differences were manifested as relatively smaller ISO-induced increases in 1) developed peak tension, 2) maximum rate of tension development (+dT/dt), and 3) maximum rate of relaxation (-dT/dt) in the aged compared with the adult heart. The ISO-induced abbreviation of time to half relaxation was also less marked in the aged heart. Under similar experimental conditions, ISO (0.1 microM)-induced increase in tissue cAMP content was also lower (approximately 18%, p < 0.05) in the aged heart. ISO (0.1 microM)-induced phosphorylation of the sarcoplasmic reticulum protein phospholamban and myofibrillar protein troponin I was significantly diminished (approximately 38% and 25% decline, respectively, for phospholamban and troponin I; p < 0.05-0.001) in the aged compared with the adult heart. No significant age-related difference was, however, evident in ISO-induced phosphorylation of C protein of myofibrils. These data suggest that age-related decrements in beta-adrenergic-mediated cAMP accumulation and phosphorylation of phospholamban and troponin I contribute to the diminished contractile responses of the aged heart to beta-adrenergic stimulation.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association