Regulation of platelet-derived growth factor ligand and receptor gene expression by alpha-thrombin in vascular smooth muscle cells.
Since the expression of genes for platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-A and PDGF beta-receptor are reciprocally regulated in vascular wall cells after balloon injury, we have investigated the ability of specific vasoactive molecules or growth factors to reproduce the injury pattern of gene expression in cultured rat smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and assessed the effect of inactivating alpha-thrombin on injury-induced expression of PDGF-A mRNA by vascular wall cells in vivo. The molecules investigated, to which vascular SMCs may be locally exposed after mechanical injury, included vasoactive factors (alpha- and beta-adrenergic agonists, serotonin, histamine, angiotensin II, and endothelin) and growth factors (PDGF-AA, PDGF-BB, basic fibroblast growth factor, insulin-like growth factor, epidermal growth factor, and alpha-thrombin). In cultured rat SMCs, only alpha-thrombin (0.1-100 nM), among these compounds, produced the pattern of transiently increased PDGF-A and decreased PDGF beta-receptor mRNA. PDGF-B chain mRNA levels remained undetectable in these cultured SMCs. The dependence of these changes in gene expression on the proteolytic activity of alpha-thrombin was shown by the interruption of altered gene expression or DNA synthesis after incubating the cultured SMCs with covalently inactivated alpha-thrombin using D-Phe-Pro-Arg chloromethyl ketone, a synthetic direct active-site irreversible inhibitor of alpha-thrombin. Continuous intravenous infusion of this synthetic antithrombin into baboons for 6 hours (100 nmol/kg per minute maintaining constant plasma levels of 3.0 +/- 0.5 microns/ml) after inducing balloon-catheter arterial injury also prevented the threefold increase in expression of PDGF-A mRNA characteristically exhibited by untreated mechanically injured vessels.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association