Nitric oxide is a mediator of hypoxic coronary vasodilatation. Relation to adenosine and cyclooxygenase-derived metabolites.
Hypoxia is a potent coronary-vasodilating signal; its mechanisms are still controversial. We have assessed the possible role of nitric oxide (NO) in hypoxic coronary vasodilatation (HCVD) in isolated guinea pig hearts perfused at constant pressure. HCVD was elicited by a 1-minute 100% N2 exposure; coronary flow doubled within 1 minute of hypoxia (early phase) and returned to baseline within 40 seconds after reoxygenation (late phase). The early phase of HCVD was associated with a rapid approximately eightfold increase in cGMP overflow, an indication of NO release. The specific NO synthase inhibitor N omega-methyl-L-arginine (NMA, 0.1-1 mM) antagonized HCVD and the associated increase in cGMP spillover (maximum inhibition, approximately 65%); excess arginine (1.2 mM) prevented both effects. The late phase of HCVD was associated with an increase in adenosine overflow and was attenuated by the adenosine receptor antagonist BW A1433 (1 microM; maximum inhibition, approximately 45%). Indomethacin (10 microM) inhibited HCVD in spontaneously beating hearts by approximately 35% but had no effect in hearts paced at faster rates. NMA and BW A1433 were more effective in combination than alone (maximum inhibition, approximately 72%). However, irrespective of the concentrations used, there was no synergism among the anti-HCVD effects of NMA, BW A1433, and indomethacin, nor was HCVD completely inhibited by the antagonists, whether alone or in combination. Our findings indicate that NO is an important mediator of the early phase of HCVD, whereas additional mechanisms and/or factors, including adenosine and vasodilatatory prostaglandins, contribute to the late phase.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association