Endothelin increases myofilament Ca2+ sensitivity in alpha-toxin-permeabilized rabbit mesenteric artery.
This study was designed to investigate the mechanism of endothelin-1 (ET-1) contractions in Staphylococcus alpha-toxin-permeabilized vascular smooth muscle. Rabbit small mesenteric arteries permeabilized with alpha-toxin were mounted for isometric or isotonic force recording or were processed for determination of myosin light chain (MLC) phosphorylation levels. Addition of 100 nM ET-1 plus 10 microM GTP significantly enhanced myofilament Ca2+ sensitivity as compared with the addition of Ca2+ alone (EC50, 0.47 microM Ca2+ for Ca2+ alone and 0.13 microM Ca2+ for ET-1 plus (GTP). This enhanced sensitivity was reversed by GDP beta S. ET-1-induced contractions were relaxed at a constant [Ca2+] by the addition of 30 microM cAMP or cGMP, demonstrating a direct effect of the cyclic nucleotides on contractile regulation. Inhibition of protein kinase C activity by 100 nM staurosporine relaxed ET-1 plus GTP-induced contractions, and pretreatment with 40 microM chelerythrine inhibited the ET-1 plus GTP increase in force. At 0.32 microM Ca2+, steady-state levels of shortening velocity were not increased by ET-1 plus GTP, although steady-state levels of MLC phosphorylation were significantly enhanced. The ET-1-induced increase in MLC phosphorylation was not altered by changes in [Ca2+], whereas the shortening velocity was Ca2+ dependent, suggesting that the increase MLC phosphorylation level may be the result of protein kinase C, rather than MLC kinase, activation. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that ET-1 increases myofilament Ca2+ sensitivity by a G protein-dependent pathway and subsequent activation of protein kinase C.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association