Albumin transport characteristics of rat aorta in early phase of hypertension.
The effects of early-stage hypertension on the macromolecular transport characteristics of the aorta have been investigated in rats 1 week after the ligature of the abdominal aorta between the two renal arteries. The animals were left untreated or treated for 1 week with an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (enalapril, 6 mg/kg per day). Blood pressure of a subgroup of hypertensive rats was acutely lowered to a normal level by injection of enalaprilat (1.5 mg/kg) at the time of the experiment. 131I-Albumin and 125I-albumin were injected 90 minutes and 5 minutes, respectively, before the rats were killed. The transmural distribution of the relative tissue concentrations across the wall was obtained using a serial frozen-section technique. Short-term albumin uptake permitted calculation of apparent endothelial permeability coefficients, and 90-minute uptake was used to estimate the steady-state albumin distribution within the media. The effect of early-stage hypertension on the characteristics of the arterial macromolecular transport depended on the aortic site; the ascending aortic arch appeared not to be affected. In the thoracic and abdominal aorta, the endothelial permeability coefficients increased significantly in hypertensive rats. This increase was not a direct effect of the arterial pressure, since the values were not significantly different when the pressure was acutely normalized. The 90-minute albumin concentration in the media was enhanced in hypertensive rats and returned to the normal value by acutely lowering the blood pressure, indicating that the increase observed in hypertensive rats resulted from a direct effect of pressure, possibly increased pressure-driven convection and/or pressure-induced stretching of the wall. Treatment by angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor prevented hypertension and protected against its effects in hypertensive animals.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association