Effects of hypoxia on heparan sulfate in bovine aortic and pulmonary artery endothelial cells.
Newly synthesized heparan sulfates purified from the cell layer of bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs) and main pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAECs) cultured under either normoxic (21% oxygen) or hypoxic (3% oxygen) conditions were characterized by size, charge, and capacity to bind to antithrombin III. Incorporation of radiolabeled sulfate into cell layer-associated heparan sulfate was reduced by 70% in BAECs and by 45% in BPAECs during exposure to 3% oxygen; degradation of radiolabeled heparan sulfate was not affected by hypoxia. However, the percentage of total radiolabeled heparan sulfate that bound to antithrombin III was increased by 33% for BAECs and by 120% for BPAECs when compared with radiolabeled heparan sulfate synthesized during the 21% oxygen exposure. Both the high- and low-antithrombin III affinity radiolabeled heparan sulfate consisted of two components of different sizes; the low-affinity components (mean sizes, 60 and 40 kd) generated under normoxic conditions were smaller than their respective high-affinity components (mean sizes, 70 and 55 kd) by molecular sieve chromatography. The components of low-antithrombin III affinity heparan sulfate generated during exposure to 3% oxygen were increased in size compared with the corresponding low-affinity components generated during the 21% oxygen exposure for both BPAECs and BAECs. In addition, the amount of the larger high-antithrombin III affinity component was reduced in both cell types exposed to hypoxia. There was no difference in functional heparin-like activity per dish between cells cultured at 3% and 21% oxygen; BAECs had twofold to threefold greater activity per dish than did BPAECs at both levels of oxygen.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association