Ionic currents in single smooth muscle cells of the canine renal artery.
Membrane currents from single smooth muscle cells enzymatically isolated from canine renal artery were recorded using the patch-clamp technique in the whole-cell and cell-attached configurations. These cells exhibited a mean resting potential, input resistance, membrane time constant, and cell capacitance of -51.8 +/- 2.1 mV, 5.2 +/- 0.98 G omega, 116.2 +/- 16.4 msec, and 29.1 +/- 2.0 pF, respectively. Inward current, when elicited from a holding potential of -80 mV, activated near -50 mV, reached a maximum near 0 mV and was sensitive to the dihydropyridine agonist Bay K 8644 and dihydropyridine antagonist nisoldipine. Two components of macroscopic outward current were identified from voltage-step and ramp depolarizations. The predominant charge carrier of the net outward current was identified as K+ by tail-current experiments (reversal potential, -61.0 +/- 0.8 mV in 10.8 mM [K+]o 0 mM [K+]i). The first component was a small, low-noise, voltage- and time-dependent current that activated between -40 and -30 mV (IK(dr)), and the second component was a larger, noisier, voltage- and time-dependent current that activated at potentials positive to +10 mV (IK(Ca)). Both IK(dr) and IK(Ca) displayed little inactivation during long (4-second) voltage steps. IK(Ca) and IK(dr) could be pharmacologically separated by using various Ca2+ and K+ channel blockers. IK(Ca) was substantially inhibited by external NiCl2 (500 microM), CdCl2 (300 microM), EGTA (5 mM), tetraethylammonium (Ki at +60 mV, 307 microM), and charybdotoxin (100 nM) but was insensitive to 4-aminopyridine (0.1-10 mM). IK(dr) was inhibited by 4-aminopyridine (Ki at +10 mV, 723 microM) and tetraethylammonium (Ki at +10 mV, 908 microM) but was insensitive to external NiCl2 (500 microM), CdCl2 (300 microM), EGTA (5 mM), and charybdotoxin (100 nM). Two types of single K+ channels were identified in cell-attached patches. The most abundant K+ channel that was recorded exhibited voltage-dependent activation, was blocked by external tetraethylammonium (250 microM), and had a large single-channel conductance (232 +/- 12 pS with 150 mM K+ in the patch pipette, 130 +/- 17 pS with 5.4 mM K+ in the patch pipette). The second channel was also voltage dependent, was blocked by 4-aminopyridine (5 mM), and exhibited a smaller single-channel conductance (104 +/- 8 pS with 150 mM K+ in the patch pipette, 57 +/- 6 pS with 5.4 mM K+ in the patch pipette). These results suggest that depolarization of canine renal artery cells opens dihydropyridine-sensitive Ca2+ channels and at least two K+ channels.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association